Linggo, Marso 4, 2012

The Four Functions of Sentences 

All complete sentences contain a subject and verb, but all sentences function in the same way. In English all sentences can be classified according to one of four functions.

  • Declarative Sentence
  • Interrogative Sentence
  • Imperative Sentence
  • Exclamatory Sentence 
Declarative Sentence
 -  the most common sentence in English, used to express facts and opinions.
 -  it states an idea and ends with a period.

Interrogative Sentence
-  sentence asks a questions and ends with a question mark.

Imperative Sentence
-  demands or requests 
-  sentence gives an order or direction and ends with a exclamation mark.
-  expresses force or emotion, an exclamation mark rather than a period may be       placed at the end of the sentence.

Exclamatory Sentence
-  is always used to convey strong emotion and ends with an exclamation mark.

 The Nominative Case 

  • Nominative Case is used when a personal pronoun acts in one of three ways. 

The Objective Case

  • Objective pronouns are used for any kind of object in a sentence as well as for subjects of infinitives.
The Possessive Case
  • Although errors are less common in the possessive case than they are in the other two cases, you should take care to use the possessive case before gerunds.

Pronoun Usage

      is the form of noun or pronoun that indicates its uses in a sentence. 

The Three Cases
    both  nouns and pronouns have three cases, each of which has its own distinctive uses.

  • Nominative Case
  • Objective Case
  • Possessive Case

Nominative Case
        Use in sentence, Subject of the Verb, Predicate Nominative, or Nominative Absolute

Objective Case

       Use in sentence , Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of a Preposition, Object of a Verbal, or Subject of an Infinitive.

Objective Case

       To Show Ownership